Fennel - In India, fennel seeds are used in cooking (as a spice) and are eaten raw as an after-mint because of fennel's digestive and medicinal qualities. Fennel seeds boiled in water are also used for reducing colic in babies. In Italian cuisine, and other cuisines from the Mediterranean, the bulbs and fronds are used in side dishes, salads, pastas, pizzas and risottos. Fennel seeds are also used in Italian sausage and meatballs. Fennel seeds are also used in Northern Europe in rye breads.